Sermon Notes

Sermon: Incarnation (Part 1)

Prophecies from the Old Testament

that Jesus the Messiah had to be God

 

 

 

Introduction:

 

How can we know with certainty that Christianity is the correct religion and the Jesus is God?

 

The Bible promotes confidence from evidence, not blind leaps of faith:

    • Luke 1:4 “so that you may know the certainty of the things you have been taught.”

    • John 20:31 “These are written so that we may believe . . .”

    • 2 Pet 1:16 “We did not follow cleverly devised stories. . . “

    • 2 Pet 1:19 “We also have the prophetic message as something completely reliable, and you will do well to pay attention to it, as to a light shining in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning star rises in your hearts.”

 

We are not the same as Mormons or Muslims. They had so called “prophets” and they try to point back to Jesus, but they do not have the prophetic message backing up their claims. In fact they have prophetic witness against their voices.

 

Prophecies about False Prophets and Teachers:

    • Galatians 1:8 reads: “But even if we or and angel from heaven should preach a Gospel other than the one we preached to you, let them be under God’s curse!”

    • 2 Corinthians 11:14 says, “And no wonder, for Satan himself masquerades as an angel of light.”

    • 2 Peter 2:1 “But there were also false prophets among the people, just as there will be false teachers among you. They will secretly introduce destructive heresies, even denying the sovereign Lord who bought them—bringing swift destruction on themselves. 2 Many will follow their depraved conduct and will bring the way of truth into disrepute. 3 In their greed these teachers will exploit you with fabricated stories. Their condemnation has long been hanging over them, and their destruction has not been sleeping….14 With eyes full of adultery, they never stop sinning; they seduce the unstable; they are experts in greed—an accursed brood! 15 They have left the straight way and wandered off…19 They promise them freedom, while they themselves are slaves of depravity—for “people are slaves to whatever has mastered them.”

 

From the Mormon’s own website is reads: “The Prophet Joseph received these ancient metal records written in “reformed Egyptian” from the heavenly messenger Moroni and translated them by “the gift and power of God” into the Book of Mormon.”

 

For Muhammad getting the Quran: How did the Prophet Muhammad receive revelation? According to his wife `A’ishah, the Prophet used to go in seclusion in the cave of Hiraa’ outside Makkah, where he used to worship God continuously for many days. One day, an angel came to him and asked him to read. The Prophet, who was illiterate, replied, “I do not know how to read.” The Prophet related the incident: The angel caught me forcibly and pressed me so hard that I could not bear it anymore. He then released me again and asked me to read and I replied, “I do not know how to read.” Thereupon he caught me again and pressed me a second time till I could not bear it anymore. He then released me and again asked me to read, but again I replied, “I do not know how to read” (or “What shall I read?”) Thereupon he caught me for the third time and pressed me, and then released me and said: [Read in the name of your Lord, who created, created man from a clot. Read! And your Lord is the most bountiful.]2

 

However, we have the prophetic message as something completely reliable. About 1500 B.C. Moses wrote the first 5 books of the Bible. Some of what he wrote dates back by oral tradition to Abraham in 2000 B.C., and no doubt even older than that. While Moses was on Mt. Sinai for a back to back 40 day fast in the cloud of God’s glory, God revealed to him what to write as well in the 5 books of the law as well.

 

The Old Testament predicts by divine revelation that the Messiah would be God in flesh.

 

The key here is Trinitarian Theology within the Old Testament. That God being 1 being is also 3 persons. It is unexplained in the Bible how this works, but it is absolutely present. If it feels a bit complicated and impossible, think about Quantum Mechanics. And of course the church has developed theories on how all that works, but we don’t know for sure.

 

1.  The Old Testament combines Plural and Singular tenses when referring to God. When the Bible talks about the transcendent God, they usually combine singular verbs with the plural noun “Gods.” This is unusual grammatically, and can clearly point to pre-ordained room for Trinitarian beliefs.

 

Genesis 1:1 In the beginning, the Gods “he” (singular) created the heavens and the earth.

Genesis 1:26 And the Gods, “he” (singular) created said, “Let us make mankind in our own image, in our likeness…”

Genesis 1:27 And the Gods, “he” (singular) created man in his (singular) own image (singular) . . . both male and female.

 

So within the first chapter of the Bible, we have a mystery of God being identified as both singular and plural.

 

Probably the most important and most quoted scripture in the entire Old Testament by the Jews is Deuteronomy 6:4-9. As Jews were being martyred they often would chant verse 4.

 

Deut 6:4 Literally reads: Hear Israel, Yahweh is our Gods, Yahweh is one. The Hebrew word for “one” here is “ʾeḥāḏ” (or echad), which is used as a compounded one.

    • Genesis 2:24 “A man will leave father and mother to be joined to his wife and the two will be become one (echad) flesh.

    • The trumpets sounded as one. Dan is one of the tribes of Israel.

    • In Gen 1:5 (NASB) God called the light day, and the darkness He called night. And there was evening and there was morning, one (echad) day.

    • In Ezekiel 37:16-7 16 “Son of man, take a stick of wood and write on it, ‘Belonging to Judah and the Israelites associated with him.’ Then take another stick of wood, and write on it, ‘Belonging to Joseph (that is, to Ephraim) and all the Israelites associated with him.’ 17 Join them together into one (echad) stick so that they will become one (echad) in your hand.

 

There is another Hebrew word that could have specified “only one” yāḥiyḏ (or yachid) as in this is my only son, my only child. eḥāḏ would mean one of my children. yachid is only one child. If Moses had intended for the absolute singularity of God he would have picked the Hebrew word for only one, as opposed to the word he did use of a compounded one. Remember too, though, that Moses wrote as directed by the Holy Spirit, who chose to use the word echad to describe the Yahweh’s oneness, not an absolute singularity, but a compounded singularity.

 

From Strong’s Hebrew Dictionary:

258. אָחַד ʾachad, aw-khad´; perhaps a primitive root; to unify, i.e. (figuratively) collect (one’s thoughts):—go one way or other.

 

259. אֶחָד ʾechad, ekh-awd´; a numeral from 258; properly, united, i.e. one; or (as an ordinal) first:—a, alike, alone, altogether, and, any(-thing), apiece, a certain, (dai-)ly, each (one), + eleven, every, few, first, + highway, a man, once, one, only, other, some, together,

 

 

 

2.The Messiah will be Called God.

 

Jer. 23:5    “The days are coming,” declares the LORD,

“when I will raise up for David a righteous Branch,

a King who will reign wisely

and do what is just and right in the land.

6 In his days Judah will be saved

and Israel will live in safety.

This is the name by which he will be called:

The LORD (Yahweh) Our Righteous Savior.

 

Isaiah 7:14 Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign: The virgin will conceive and give birth to a son, and will call him Immanuel.

 

Psalm 45:6 Your throne, O God, will last for ever and ever;

    a scepter of justice will be the scepter of your kingdom.

7 You love righteousness and hate wickedness;

    therefore God, your God, has set you above your companions

    by anointing you with the oil of joy.

 

Hosea 1:7 (NASB) But I will have compassion on the house of Judah and deliver them by the Lord their God, and will not deliver them by bow, sword, battle, horses or horsemen.”

 

Zechariah 2:10-11 10 Sing for joy and be glad, O daughter of Zion; for behold I am coming and I will dwell in your midst,” declares the Lord. 11 “Many nations will join themselves to the Lord in that day and will become My people. Then I will dwell in your midst, and you will know that the Lord of hosts has sent Me to you.

 

Psalm 110 A Psalm of David:

1 The Lord (Yahweh) says to my Lord (Adonai):

“Sit at my right hand
   until I make your enemies
   a footstool for your feet.”

The Lord (Yahweh) has sworn
   and will not change his mind:
“You are a priest forever,
   in the order of Melchizedek.”

 

Matthew 22:

41 While the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them, 42 “What do you think about the Messiah? Whose son is he?”

“The son of David,” they replied.

43 He said to them, “How is it then that David, speaking by the Spirit, calls him ‘Lord’? For he says,

44 

“‘The Lord said to my Lord:
   “Sit at my right hand
until I put your enemies
   under your feet.”’

45 If then David calls him ‘Lord,’ how can he be his son?” 46 No one could say a word in reply, and from that day on no one dared to ask him any more questions.

 

 

3. The Messiah would be from Eternity Past

 

Micah 5:2 (NASB) “But as for you, Bethlehem Ephrathah,

Too little to be among the clans of Judah,

From you One will go forth for Me to be ruler in Israel.

His goings forth are from long ago,

From the days of eternity.” (In Psalm 90:2 the Hebrew word used here for “eternity” is used to describe God himself)

 

Isaiah 9:6 

For to us a child is born,

    to us a son is given,

    and the government will be on his shoulders.

And he will be called

    Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God,

    Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.

7 Of the greatness of his government and peace

    there will be no end.

He will reign on David’s throne

    and over his kingdom,

establishing and upholding it

    with justice and righteousness

    from that time on and forever.

The zeal of the Lord Almighty

    will accomplish this.

 

 

4. The Messiah is Called “The Son”

 

Psalm 2:6 “I have installed my king
   on Zion, my holy mountain.”

7 I will proclaim the Lord’s decree:

He said to me, “You are my son;
   today I have become your father.

12 Kiss his son, or he will be angry
   and your way will lead to your destruction,
for his wrath can flare up in a moment.
   Blessed are all who take refuge in him.

 

Isaiah 7:14 Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign: The virgin will conceive and give birth to a son, and will call him Immanuel.

 

Prov 30:4 Who has gone up to heaven and come down?

Whose hands have gathered up the wind?

Who has wrapped up the waters in a cloak?

Who has established all the ends of the earth?

What is his name, and what is the name of his son?

Surely you know!

 

Isaiah 9:2 The people walking in darkness

    have seen a great light;

on those living in the land of deep darkness

    a light has dawned. . .

For to us a child is born,

    to us a son is given,

    and the government will be on his shoulders.

And he will be called

    Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God,

    Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.

Of the greatness of his government and peace

    there will be no end.

He will reign on David’s throne

    and over his kingdom,

establishing and upholding it

    with justice and righteousness

    from that time on and forever.

The zeal of the Lord Almighty

    will accomplish this.

 

 

The Trinity all in one place in the Old Testament:

 

Isaiah 48

12 “Listen to Me, O Jacob, even Israel whom I called;

I am He, I am the first, I am also the last.

13 

“Surely My hand founded the earth,

And My right hand spread out the heavens;

When I call to them, they stand together.

14 

“Assemble, all of you, and listen!

Who among them has declared these things?

The Lord loves him; he will carry out His good pleasure on Babylon,

And His arm will be against the Chaldeans.

15 

“I, even I, have spoken; indeed I have called him,

I have brought him, and He will make his ways successful.

16 

“Come near to Me, listen to this:

From the first I have not spoken in secret,

From the time it took place, I was there.

And now the Lord God has sent Me, and His Spirit.”

 

Isaiah 63: (NASB)

Who is this who comes from Edom,

With garments of [a]glowing colors from Bozrah,

This One who is majestic in His apparel,

[b]Marching in the greatness of His strength?

“It is I who speak in righteousness, mighty to save.”

Why is Your apparel red,

And Your garments like the one who treads in the wine press?

“I have trodden the wine trough alone,

And from the peoples there was no man with Me.

I also trod them in My anger

And trampled them in My wrath;

And their [c]lifeblood is sprinkled on My garments,

And I [d]stained all My raiment.

“For the day of vengeance was in My heart,

And My year of redemption has come.

“I looked, and there was no one to help,

And I was astonished and there was no one to uphold;

So My own arm brought salvation to Me,

And My wrath upheld Me.

“I trod down the peoples in My anger

And made them drunk in My wrath,

And I [e]poured out their lifeblood on the earth.”

7 I shall make mention of the lovingkindnesses of the Lord, the praises of the Lord,

According to all that the Lord has granted us,

And the great goodness toward the house of Israel,

Which He has granted them according to His compassion

And according to the abundance of His lovingkindnesses.

For He said, “Surely, they are My people,

Sons who will not deal falsely.”

So He became their Savior.

In all their affliction He was afflicted,

And the angel of His presence saved them;

In His love and in His mercy He redeemed them,

And He lifted them and carried them all the days of old.

10 

But they rebelled

And grieved His Holy Spirit;

Therefore He turned Himself to become their enemy,

He fought against them.

11 

Then His people remembered the days of old, of Moses.

Where is He who brought them up out of the sea with the [g]shepherds of His flock?

Where is He who put His Holy Spirit in the midst of them,

12 

Who caused His glorious arm to go at the right hand of Moses,

Who divided the waters before them to make for Himself an everlasting name,

13 

Who led them through the depths?

Like the horse in the wilderness, they did not stumble;

14 

As the cattle which go down into the valley,

The Spirit of the Lord gave them rest.

So You led Your people,

To make for Yourself a glorious name.